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Project for the improvement of Prospekt Mira in Kaliningrad

At the first stage, a sociological analysis was carried out - observations with the help of sociologists and volunteers during the week, including night observations.

The observation was carried out on September 1,2,3,4,6,7.
On September 1, 2, 3, Mira Avenue was divided into 5 observation sites, observation was carried out in each section in 3 shifts, from 8:00 to 00:00.

On the night of September 3-4, a nightwalk was carried out at all observation sites from 22:00 to 06:00.
On September 4, observation was carried out in two shifts from 09:00 to 18:00, as well as in two shifts in all observation areas from 18:00 to 23:00. 
On September 6-7, the observation was carried out in a mixed mode - shifts in sections and shifts for all sections with a stop in the designated projected zones.

Before each change of observation, the observers were instructed and the observation optics were adjusted.
At the end of the observation shift, the observer immediately wrote an observation protocol by hand or in electronic form and handed it over to the shift supervisor.

In total, about 400 hours of observation were carried out, adjusted for the time of writing reports and technical overlays.
Based on the observation protocols, the research team compiled an interactive map

The map contains qualitative observations concerning the objects of the subject-spatial environment of the city, as well as the environmental behavior of residents and their interaction with these objects. On the map, the boundaries of territories with pronounced properties and internal qualitative unity are highlighted (within the boundaries of the selected territory, similar qualities of the environment are realized). Also in-
The map toolkit makes it possible to consider separately observations in the morning, afternoon, evening shifts, and also at night.

Key results of observation on Prospekt Mira, Kaliningrad: 

The street is heterogeneous in terms of usage practices, but it is impossible to call it “central” - Central functions in one form or another appear only on the eastern side of the street, however, they also turn out to be separated from the really central part of the city by a pseudo-center (Teatralnaya st., Mira avenue, st. Ushinsky)

Based on the practices of city residents, the following structural elements can be distinguished on the street:
1) pseudo-center, characterized by low tourist activity and almost no activity of residents;
2) the territory from the Central Park of Culture and Culture to the Drama Theater, characterized by the growth of central practices from west to east, a large number of young people among the daytime population (due to the college and art school), and also being the only zone of nightlife;
3) unstructured territory on the street. Grekov, characterized by the fact that cars of the daytime population of Mira Avenue are parked on the street, and the territory is also used for transit movement from Mira Avenue to Pobeda Square, which is more convenient than Mira Avenue itself;
4) the territory of "Sleeping Europe" from the Flower Market to the street. Chkalov, characterized by daytime business practices and morning and evening "home" practices (walking dogs, walking with children, leisure cycling);
5) non-residential area from the street. Karl Marx to st. Basin, including public spaces: churches, green areas (well-groomed and not well-groomed), a pond, a waterfall, a restaurant, a stadium, a square, which has a recreational potential, while poorly developed;
6) undeveloped territory from the street. Basseinaya to the cemetery, characterized by a general feeling of abandonment and a decrease in the number of passers-by to almost zero when moving from the center.

According to the results of the pre-project study of the prospectus, “artifacts” were identified - traces of the past. And the traces are both material - historical paving, fencing, fire hydrants, etc., and intangible - the memory of certain places, the stories of people that have become the stories of the city. All these finds determine the uniqueness of a particular street and should become part of the improvement project.

Prospekt Mira   is:

1. Shade - sun. All year round, one side of the avenue is in the shade, and the other is in the sun. This is due to the direction of the street from the east
to the west. Pedestrians choose the shady side when it's hot and the sunny side when it's cold. Also, this feature affects the landscaping and the functionality of each side.

2. Water. In Kaliningrad, the theme of water is clearly expressed, and Mira Avenue is no exception - in several places it is crossed by a stream, Khlebnoye (Float) ponds and Lake Dzerzhinets adjoin it. It is necessary to make access to these water facilities comfortable by making them full-fledged public spaces on Prospekt Mira.

3. Microplatz. Literally - a miniature square, most often located on the corner of a house standing at a crossroads. public
the space that has historically developed due to the peculiarities of the building - the cut of the corner of the building - serves as a meeting place for citizens and works for the local community.

4. Landscaping. The humid climate of Kaliningrad with mild winters makes it possible to maximize the use of landscaping as
landscaping design. The prerequisites for this are also the existing landscaping traditions that are typical for Prospekt Mira:
- front gardens
- Planting hornbeams
- Old big trees along the road
- TsPKiO
- Zoo
- Squares along the street
- Recreational park near the lake. Dzerzhinets
- Chestnut Alley
- Sports Park Stadium Baltika
- Plum and apple trees in Amalienau
- Green zone along the streams Parkovy and Vozdushny
- Lawns of tram tracks

5. Architecture. Mixed - modern, Soviet and Koenigsberg

Colleagues from the Kaliningrad company were engaged in historical information"Pictorica". There are very few surviving photographs of the old Koenigsberg, and most of the photographic material was bought in Germany.

Housing along Mira Avenue has a different density and typology of development. In addition, the combination with abundant recreational and infrastructural zones entails the fragmentation of neighborhoods and the formation of residential areas of different scales. Mira Ave plays a different role for these quarters.

The typology of the street along its entire length is very different, and at the same time there are different building densities, housing and infrastructure, different traffic intensity and different meanings for space.
In design, this difference must be taken into account and used for the benefit of the further development of the street.

In the pre-project analysis, different types of problems were identified, with reference to the map.

Design solutions for each section of Mira Avenue:

Typology of public spaces.

In addition to the sites for design given by the TOR, additional territories were allocated, which are also public spaces. All of them can be divided into 4 types:

Baltika Stadium. 

The project proposes to create two scenarios for the functioning of the square - “daily use” and “city events”.
For daily use, large MAFs of a bright design are installed on the square, combining the functions of a seat and landscaping. It also provides for an additional passage along the fountain along its far edge - this will connect the square and the square in the depths from the main traffic flow.
It is required to restore the bowl of the fountain with the reconstruction of the original mosaic. And also add stationary seats around the perimeter of the fountain, lighting of poplars and the fountain itself.
The second scenario for using the area is POP-UP space, a place for games and experiments. These can be sports broadcasts (including the 2018 championship), city festivals, etc.
For the functioning of the square during events, it is proposed to place on it mobile infrastructure elements that change depending on the needs of the event: an open-air cinema, a stage and seats, a food court, fair pavilions, etc.

Mira Avenue improvement project in Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad, 2016
Trenina Victoria
Sabirullov Alexey
Sabirullov Evgeny
Creative Association UTRO
Petr Ivanov
Maria Ermolova
Ekaterina Gordeeva
Historians, local historians and guides:
Alexander Popadin
Tatiana Udovenko
Victoria Korneeva
Working with the archive:
Maxim Popov
Transport Specialist:
Nikolay Zalessky
Pictorica, Maxim Popov
Activists of the Velograd movement:
Ivan Markov
Irina Gubareva
Volunteers who took part in the sociological observation:
Anastasia Perminova
Ekaterina Zhukova
Artur Zekov
Marina Dvoekonko
Ainur Kobzhasarova
Victoria Kolesnikova
Natalya Andreeva
Ekaterina Pichugina
Tatyana Dorofeeva
Yana Litvinova
Elvira Khakimova
Svyatoslav Yakimov
Masha Genova
Veronika Gashimova
Facade color information:
Julia Zubareva
Alexander Zubarev
Public organization of the disabled "Ark":
Tatyana Anashenko
Thank you for your help in preparing the information:
Vyacheslav Genna (chief architect)
Andrey Anisimov (architectural department)
Anna Piskorskaya (architectural department)
Natalia Lelet (KAiS)
Sokolova Svetlana (Director of the Kaliningrad Zoo)
Vladimir Syroezhkin (architect)
Khaled for a delicious lunch (director of the cafe “Damascus”)


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